September 2020. On 29 November, while still in exile, King Peter II was deposed by Yugoslavia's Constituent Assembly, and the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia was declared. The war in Bosnia followed shortly thereafter. The policy focused on a strong central government under the control of the Communist Party, and on recognition of the multiple nationalities. The federal customs officers in Slovenia on the border crossings with Italy, Austria, and Hungary mainly just changed uniforms since most of them were local Slovenes. herkunft în româneşte. Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the, A. W. Palmer, "Revolt in Belgrade, March 27, 1941,". In September 1991, the Republic of Macedonia also declared independence, becoming the only former republic to gain sovereignty without resistance from the Belgrade-based Yugoslav authorities. [24] At the same time, Western economies went into recession, decreasing demand for Yugoslavian imports, creating a large debt problem. Yugoslavia was invaded by the Axis powers on 6 April 1941. The largest concentrations of bankrupt firms and lay-offs were in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia and Kosovo. Die von außen fixierte Zugehörigkeit der Eltern zu einer Ethnie und zu einer Religion spielten für den Erzähler – wie auch für die Eltern – bis zum Anlass der Flucht, dem Bosnienkrieg, den Stanišić auch schon in seinem Debütroman Wie der Soldat das Grammofon repariert verarbeitete, im Alltag kaum eine Rolle. Invaluable is the world's largest marketplace for … [32][33] Marking an important transition in its history, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was officially renamed Serbia and Montenegro in 2003. [13] More than 300,000 Yugoslav officers and soldiers were taken prisoner.[14]. [31] In April 2001, the five successor states extant at the time drafted an Agreement on Succession Issues, signing the agreement in June 2001. The break between Belgrade and Moscow was now imminent. Serbian communist leader Slobodan Milošević sought to restore pre-1974 Serbian sovereignty. Since the provinces had a vote in the Federal Presidency Council (an eight-member council composed of representatives from the six republics and the two autonomous provinces), they sometimes even entered into coalition with other republics, thus outvoting Serbia. Yugoslav Partisans took over the country at the end of the war and banned nationalism from being publicly promoted. The country distanced itself from the Soviets in 1948 (cf. On 25 June 1991, Slovenia and Croatia became the first republics to declare independence from Yugoslavia. There are still people from the former Yugoslavia who self-identify as Yugoslavs; this identifier is commonly seen in demographics relating to ethnicity in today's independent states. Das Buch beginnt sowohl in der Vergangenheit als auch in der Gegenwart. Watch Queue Queue (…) Lassen Sie mich doch aber jetzt mit einer freudigen Note enden: Ich freue mich wirklich über Ihre Auszeichnung. Sein Vater ist ein aus Bosnien stammender Serbe, seine Mutter als Muslimin kategorisierte Bosniakin. Fear not—Hulu just re-upped their streaming offerings with great new shows and movies. Connections between religious belief and nationality posed a serious threat to the post-war Communist government's policies on national unity and state structure. In fact, Italy and Germany wanted to revise the international treaties signed after World War I, and the Soviets were determined to regain their positions in Europe and pursue a more active international policy. The banovinas were named after rivers. On 11 November 1945, elections were held with only the Communist-led National Front appearing on the ballot, securing all 354 seats. Now, separate sociolinguistic standards exist for the Bosnian, Croatian, Montenegrin and Serbian languages. [18] However, he refused to abdicate. After Montenegro's independence, Serbia became the legal successor of Serbia and Montenegro, while Montenegro re-applied for membership in international organisations. This state aspired to the status of sole legal successor to the SFRY, but those claims were opposed by the other former republics. Oktober 2020 um 01:16 Uhr bearbeitet. Tito criticised both Eastern Bloc and NATO nations and, together with India and other countries, started the Non-Aligned Movement in 1961, which remained the official affiliation of the country until it dissolved. Als schließlich auch … Guns were also fired from army bases through Croatia. The council reconvened on 29 November 1943, in Jajce, also in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and established the basis for post-war organisation of the country, establishing a federation (this date was celebrated as Republic Day after the war). In other words, in less than two years "the trigger mechanism" (under the Financial Operations Act) had led to the layoff of more than 600,000 workers out of a total industrial workforce of the order of 2.7 million. The period of European growth ended after the oil price shock in 1970s. Yugoslavia had always been a home to a very diverse population, not only in terms of national affiliation, but also religious affiliation. Was war ich neugierig auf Herkunft von Saša Stanišić, der Roman, der 2019 mit den Deutschen Buchpreis ausgezeichnet wurde. Die Bezeichnung Jugoslawien bildete sich stufenweise im 19. Person Singular. Ihr Sohn hat Deutsch gelernt und versucht, sich in dem Land zu integrieren, in dem im Jahr seiner Ankunft bei den Ausschreitungen in Rostock-Lichtenhagen zwischen dem 22. und 26. [20], Yugoslavia solved the national issue of nations and nationalities (national minorities) in a way that all nations and nationalities had the same rights. Serbia's political impotence made it possible for others to exert pressure on the 2 million Serbs (20% of the total Serbian population) living outside Serbia. On 20 June 1928, Serb deputy Puniša Račić shot at five members of the opposition Croatian Peasant Party in the National Assembly, resulting in the death of two deputies on the spot and that of leader Stjepan Radić a few weeks later. In Bosnia and Herzegovina in November 1991, the Bosnian Serbs held a referendum which resulted in an overwhelming vote in favour of forming a Serbian republic within the borders of Bosnia and Herzegovina and staying in a common state with Serbia and Montenegro. Übersicht. The civilians then organised armed resistance. Ich feiere eine Literatur, die alles darf und alles versucht, auch gerade im politischen Kampf mittels Sprache zu streiten. [12] The German Air Force (Luftwaffe) bombed Belgrade and other major Yugoslav cities. BERNDPULCH.ORG – BERND-PULCH.ORG – TOXDAT, STASI List, STASI SLEEPER List, KGB List, BDVP List, STASI Names A-Z, DDR-EAST GERMAN POLICE List,Offshore List, Leaks Lists, GOMOPA4KIDS-Pedophiles-Network, GOMOPA Victims List, GOMOPA Offender Names, Hauptpersonen des Romans sind neben dem Autor und Erzähler seine Eltern sowie seine Großeltern. Alexander attempted to create a centralised Yugoslavia. The heavily pro-Serbian Chetniks were led by Draža Mihajlović, while the pan-Yugoslav oriented Partisans were led by Josip Broz Tito. Volker Weidermann schreibt dazu 2019 im Spiegel, Stanišić sei „(…) ein Autor, der auch über ein Stück Käse oder das Leben einer Maus oder Verkehrspolitik so präzise, poetisch, politisch und persönlich schreiben könnte, dass man es unbedingt und gerne freiwillig lesen möchte.“[2]. Weil Erinnerung nicht chronologisch abläuft, springt er zwischen Orten, Personen, Lebensphasen. However, most of the German minority of Yugoslavia, most of whom had collaborated during the occupation and had been recruited to German forces, were expelled towards Germany or Austria.[21]. In Slovenia the recognized minorities were Hungarians and Italians. Hitler then decided to attack Yugoslavia on 6 April 1941, followed immediately by an invasion of Greece where Mussolini had previously been repelled. Die Aachener Zeitung schreibt dazu: „Stanisic (…) sammelt Erinnerungsfragmente und verbindet sie erzählerisch. As a result of the conflict, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted UN Security Council Resolution 721 on 27 November 1991, which paved the way to the establishment of peacekeeping operations in Yugoslavia.[28]. Also important were the Communist Party general secretaries for each republic and province, and the general secretary of Central Committee of the Communist Party. Tito, whose home republic was Croatia, was concerned over the stability of the country and responded in a manner to appease both Croats and Serbs: he ordered the arrest of the Croat protestors, while at the same time conceding to some of their demands. Many aspects of Yugonostalgia refer to the socialist system and the sense of social security it provided. [29] In 2000, Milosevic was prosecuted for atrocities committed in his ten-year rule in Serbia and the Yugoslav Wars. Reale Hintergründe für die im Roman beschrieben Situationen liegen in der Biographie des Autors Saša Stanišić. This online book is made in simple word. Stefan, Karner and Gerald, Schöpfer (Graz, 1990), 119 –32. However, the "Croatian Spring" protest in the 1970s was backed by large numbers of Croats who claimed that Yugoslavia remained a Serb hegemony and demanded that Serbia's powers be reduced. As a result, a new Constitution was ratified in 1974, which gave more rights to the individual republics in Yugoslavia and provinces in Serbia. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 23. Ein „Selbstporträt mit Ahnen“ wird so zum Roman eines Europas der Lebenswege.“, In seiner Rede aus Anlass der Verleihung des Deutschen Buchpreises kritisierte Saša Stanišić die Entscheidung, den Nobelpreis für Literatur 2019 an Peter Handke zu vergeben, wegen dessen Parteinahme für Slobodan Milošević und den serbischen Nationalismus. On 9 January 1992, the self-proclaimed Bosnian Serb assembly proclaimed a separate "Republic of the Serb people of Bosnia and Herzegovina". Ijoma Mangold von der Zeit Online schrieb am 13. Großvater (mütterlicherseits) Muhamed (Eisenbahner) überlebt Großmutter Mejrema. The results of all these conflicts are almost complete emigration of the Serbs from all three regions, massive displacement of the populations in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and establishment of the three new independent states. Deutsch: Karte der Nachfolgestaaten von Jugoslawien. Through a series of moves known as the "anti-bureaucratic revolution", Milošević succeeded in reducing the autonomy of Vojvodina and of Kosovo and Metohija, but both entities retained a vote in the Yugoslav Presidency Council. "Yugoslavia: "Down with the Red Bourgeoisie! Kristina, die Großmutter des Erzählers, leidet an Demenz. However, even if the absolute value of the growth rates was not as high as indicated by the official statistics, both the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia were characterized by surprisingly high growth rates of both income and education during the 1950s. Lassen Sie sich nicht anstecken – außer von guter, verkäuflicher und unverkäuflicher Literatur.“. [3][4] After an economic and political crisis in the 1980s and the rise of nationalism, Yugoslavia broke up along its republics' borders, at first into five countries, leading to the Yugoslav Wars. The Slavic-governed Bohemia remained a loyal and politically influential member of the Roman-German Empire but was in a constant power-struggle with neighbouring Poland. Tito, at first went along and rejected the Marshall plan. For most of the time, the Slovene and Serbian delegations were arguing over the future of the League of Communists and Yugoslavia. Slobodan Penezić Krcun, Tito's chief of secret police in Serbia, fell victim to a dubious traffic incident after he started to complain about Tito's politics. Der Autor schreibt liebevoll und poetisch, vor allem um Figuren und Personen zu beschreiben. The entire kingdom was to be federalised but World War II stopped the fulfillment of those plans. Auf König Alexander folgt dessen männliche Nachkommenschaft nach der Ordnung der Erstgeburt. „Herkunft“ zeichnet das Bild einer Gegenwart, die sich immer wieder neu erzählt. This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 11:00. herkunft în dicţionar. The king was assassinated in Marseille during an official visit to France in 1934 by Vlado Chernozemski, an experienced marksman from Ivan Mihailov's Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization with the cooperation of the Ustaše, a Croatian fascist revolutionary organisation. Ipak, uz ovaj multietnički model, koji se uz mnogo buke raspao, ide i … View sold price and similar items: EUROPÄISCHE MÜNZEN UND MEDAILLEN. Zudem veranschaulicht der Beginn ein weiteres wichtiges Thema: die Erinnerung. Of the many religions, Islam, Roman Catholicism, Judaism, and Protestantism, as well as various Eastern Orthodox faiths, composed the religions of Yugoslavia, comprising over 40 in all. JUGOSLAWIEN. Ali, umrla je u devedesetim godinama. Saša Stanišić pendelt zwischen Autobiografie und Roman, zwischen Geschichte und Recherche. [38], 1918–1992 country in Southeastern and Central Europe, Yugoslavia at the time of its dissolution, early 1992, The state of affairs of the territory of the former Yugoslavia, 2008, along with western Macedonia and south-eastern Montenegro, Metohija controlled by Austria-Hungary 1915–1918. The Chetniks were initially supported by the exiled royal government and the Allies, but they soon focused increasingly on combating the Partisans rather than the occupying Axis forces. Aber er handelt auch von dem Leben im Gastland als Teil des neueren Lebens und zudem von der wichtigen Fähigkeit, die der Autor mitgebracht hat, dem Umgang mit der Sprache. Seine Eltern haben nicht in ihren Berufen arbeiten dürfen und können es in der Gegenwart immer noch nicht, sondern nur unter ihrer Qualifikation arbeiten. The Independent State of Croatia was established as a Nazi satellite state, ruled by the fascist militia known as the Ustaše that came into existence in 1929, but was relatively limited in its activities until 1941. Er sagte, er spreche, „weil ich das Glück hatte, dem zu entkommen, was Peter Handke in seinen Texten nicht beschreibt. Completed. Neuwerbaß - Die Einwohner von Neuwerbaß in der Batschka 1785-1944 und ihre Herkunft: Giesse, Noelle: Neuwerbaß -Die Familien nach dem reformierten Kirchenbuch Neuwerbaß ab 1833, Dr. Gerhard Hein, AKdFF 2008: Giesse, Noelle: Neuwerbaß, Batschka: Wacht, Ursula Tito's regional goal was to expand south and take control of Albania and parts of Greece. The six constituent republics that made up the SFRY were the SR Bosnia and Herzegovina, SR Croatia, SR Macedonia, SR Montenegro, SR Serbia, and SR Slovenia. Peter I. war von 1903 bis 1918 König der Serben und ab 1918 bis zu seinem Tod König der Serben, Kroaten und Slowenen. Richard Kämmerlings schrieb für Die Welt, das Buch sei „von großer Bedeutung“. Die Lesereise zum Buch musste Saša Stanišić im Frühjahr 2020 aufgrund der Beschränkungen im Zuge der COVID-19-Pandemie unterbrechen. Most notable of the victories against the occupying forces were the battles of Neretva and Sutjeska. The official Yugoslav post-war estimate of victims in Yugoslavia during World War II is 1,704,000. The legacy of the Constitution of 1974 was used to throw the system of decision-making into a state of paralysis, made all the more hopeless as the conflict of interests had become irreconcilable. It came into existence after World War I in 1918[B] under the name of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes by the merger of the provisional State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs (it was formed from territories of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire) with the Kingdom of Serbia, and constituted the first union of the South Slavic people as a sovereign state, following centuries in which the region had been part of the Ottoman Empire and Austria-Hungary. Added to Watchlist. Weiter erzählt der Ich-Erzähler von seiner ersten Liebe, von seinen ersten deutschen Freunden, welche sich stark von der Tankstellen-Clique unterscheiden, und von seinem Deutschlehrer, der ihm rät, Gedichte auf Deutsch zu schreiben und nicht in seiner Muttersprache (es ist genau dieser Deutschlehrer, der sein Talent zum Schreiben entdeckt). Ethnic Serbs, who had created their own state Republic of Serbian Krajina in heavily Serb-populated regions resisted the police forces of the Republic of Croatia who were trying to bring that breakaway region back under Croatian jurisdiction. Sie lebt seitdem immer mehr in der Vergangenheit und bricht sich beim Hinaufklettern auf einen Ofen einen Arm. The Federal court in Belgrade did not decide on the matter of the referendum of the Bosnian Serbs. These uprisings were more or less discreetly backed up by the Serb-dominated federal army (JNA). Alexander was succeeded by his eleven-year-old son Peter II and a regency council headed by his cousin, Prince Paul. Dazu kommen Freunde und Bekannte in Deutschland und in Bosnien. At around 80% of the population of Kosovo in the 1980s, ethnic-Albanians were the majority. The monarchy was subsequently abolished in November 1945. Various dates are considered the end of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia: As the Yugoslav Wars raged through Croatia and Bosnia, the republics of Serbia and Montenegro, which remained relatively untouched by the war, formed a rump state known as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) in 1992. As a result, the Slovene and Croatian delegations left the Congress and the all-Yugoslav Communist party was dissolved. Tito was the most powerful person in the country, followed by republican and provincial premiers and presidents, and Communist Party presidents. Was wurde aus Jugoslawien? Einzelband oder Reihe: Einzelband But this was at the expense of popular support for Paul's regency. "Participation of Former Yugoslav States in the United Nations", "CIA -- The World Factbook 1999 -- Serbia and Montenegro", "Yugoslav Agreement on Succession Issues (2001)", "Former Yugoslavia patches itself together: Entering the Yugosphere", The First Yugoslavia: Search for a Viable Political System, by Alex N. Dragnich, Teaching about Conflict and Crisis in the Former Yugoslavia, Video on the Conflict in the Former Yugoslavia, Dean Peter Krogh Foreign Affairs Digital Archives, Orders, decorations, and medals of SFR Yugoslavia, Territory of the Military Commander in Serbia, SAO Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Syrmia, UN Transitional Administration for Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Sirmium, Serbian Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina,, Former member states of the United Nations, States and territories established in 1918, States and territories disestablished in 1992, Articles containing Albanian-language text, Articles containing Hungarian-language text, Articles containing Romanian-language text, Articles containing Italian-language text, Articles containing Turkish-language text, Articles containing Bulgarian-language text, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the flag caption or type parameters, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Articles containing Serbo-Croatian-language text, Articles containing Slovene-language text, Articles containing Macedonian-language text, Articles needing additional references from May 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from September 2020, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from September 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Pages using flagicon template with unknown parameters, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from June 2012, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Library of Congress Country Studies, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the Encyclopedia Americana with a Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 8 September 1991, following a referendum the, 8 October 1991, when the 9 July moratorium on Slovene and Croatian secession ended and Croatia restated its independence in the Croatian Parliament (that day is celebrated as Independence Day in Croatia), Hall, Brian: The Impossible Country: A Journey Through the Last Days of Yugoslavia. Yugoslavia (/ˌjuːɡoʊˈslɑːviə/; Serbo-Croatian: Jugoslavija / Југославија [juɡǒslaːʋija]; Slovene: Jugoslavija [juɡɔˈslàːʋija]; Macedonian: Југославија [juɡɔˈsɫavija];[A] lit. Croatia also embarked upon the illegal import of arms, (following the disarmament of the republics' armed forces by the federal army) mainly from Hungary, and were under constant surveillance which produced a video of a secret meeting between the Croatian Defence minister Martin Špegelj and the two men, filmed by the Yugoslav counter-intelligence (KOS, Kontra-obavještajna služba). März 2019, die Beschreibungen in dem Roman seien ein „zauberhaftes Anschreiben gegen das Vergessen“. Der Roman ist autobiographisch gefärbt. Similarly, the attempt to replace Yugoslav frontier police by Slovene police forces provoked regional armed conflicts which finished with a minimal number of victims.[27]. The following day (26 June), the Federal Executive Council specifically ordered the army to take control of the "internationally recognized borders", leading to the Ten-Day War. During these three months, the Yugoslav Army completed its pull-out from Slovenia, but in Croatia, a bloody war broke out in the autumn of 1991. Das Werk ist nicht streng chronologisch geschrieben. As a result of these events, ethnic Albanian miners in Kosovo organised the 1989 Kosovo miners' strike, which dovetailed into ethnic conflict between the Albanians and the non-Albanians in the province. Das Buch erzählt von zwei Besuchen in Oskoruša, einem kleinen Ort in den Bergen östlich von Višegrad: einmal im Jahr 2009 mit seiner Großmutter und einmal 2018 mit seinen Eltern. Der Roman erschien am 18. KÖNIGREICH DER SERBEN, KROATEN UND SLOWENEN from Gorny & Mosch Giessener Münzhandlung GmbH on October 3, 0119 10:00 AM CEST. The war broke out when the new regimes tried to replace Yugoslav civilian and military forces with secessionist forces. Ënnerscheede muss een dat kinneklecht, dat haut sougenannt éischt Jugoslawien (1918–1941), dat sozialistescht zweet Jugoslawien (1943/45–1991/92) an d'Bundesrepublik Jugoslawien déi aus Serbien a Montenegro bestanen huet (1992–2003). The referendum and creation of SARs were proclaimed unconstitutional by the government of Bosnia and Herzegovina and declared illegal and invalid. Western attempts to reunite the Partisans, who denied the supremacy of the old government of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, and the émigrés loyal to the king led to the Tito-Šubašić Agreement in June 1944; however, Marshal Josip Broz Tito was in control and was determined to lead an independent communist state, starting as a prime minister. A civilian airport, along with a hangar and aircraft inside the hangar, was bombarded; truck drivers on the road from Ljubljana to Zagreb and Austrian journalists at the Ljubljana Airport were killed. In 1963, the country was renamed again, as the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY). Penguin Books. PDF. [9] During his reign the flags of Yugoslav nations were banned. 1 (Vienna, 1902): 3-25. Remembrance of the time of the joint state and its positive attributes is referred to as Yugonostalgia. Informaţii despre herkunft în dicţionarul Mayflies from Sardinia Italy (Ephemeroptera). Seine Dankesrede nutzt er, um mit einem anderen Autor abzurechnen. Dicţionar herkunft. Bollettino dell'Associazione Roman di Entomologia (1984) 39(1-4):11-18. Date: 30 March 2015: Source: Own work using: Yugoslavia (1946-1990) location map.svg by NordNordWest: Author: NordNordWest: This map has been made or improved in the German Kartenwerkstatt (Map Lab). Vagabunden in Istrien - Ein Urlaub in Jugoslawien 1.-9.8.1969 Grizia - Ajdovscina - Col - Postojnska - Adesberger Grotten - Lipicia - Opatija - Insel Cres - Losinj - Istrien. Serbs in Croatia would not accept a status of a national minority in a sovereign Croatia, since they would be demoted from the status of a constituent nation of the entirety of Yugoslavia. 'South Slavic Land') was a country in Southeast Europe and Central Europe for most of the 20th century. Ich feiere Olga Tokarczuk. Jugoslawien war ein Staat in Südosteuropa, der in unterschiedlicher Form zunächst als Monarchie von 1918 bis 1941, später als sozialistischer und föderaler Staat von 1945 bis 1992 bestand. Im Königreich Jugoslawien herrscht Alexander I. aus dem Hause Karagjorgjević. Die fiktionale Autobiografie, die den Anfang für dieses Buch als handschriftlicher Lebenslauf für die Ausländerbehörde nahm, erzählt von Saša Stanišić Flucht vom Balkankrieg in Jugoslawien nach Deutschland. Initial strikes turned into widespread demonstrations demanding a Kosovan republic. On 17 April, representatives of Yugoslavia's various regions signed an armistice with Germany in Belgrade, ending eleven days of resistance against the invading German forces. London: Routledge, 2002. Gavrilo Stanišić: Verwandter aus Oskoruša, der mit Saša über Heimat spricht. 20 Österreichis Vojvodina and Kosovo-Metohija formed a part of the Republic of Serbia but those provinces also formed part of the federation, which led to the unique situation that Central Serbia did not have its own assembly but a joint assembly with its provinces represented in it. Ihre Angehörigen haben entschieden, Kristina in ein Altenheim zu bringen. 18 Ungarische Statistische Mitteilungen, Neue Serie, 64, Volkszählung in den Ländern der Ungarischen Heiligen Krone im Jahre 1910, no. Der Roman wird vom Autor überwiegend in der Ich-Form erzählt. [10][11], At 5:12 AM on 6 April 1941, German, Italian and Hungarian forces invaded Yugoslavia. After Tito's death on 4 May 1980, ethnic tensions grew in Yugoslavia. Großvater Petar („Pero“) Stanišić ist schon lange tot, als Kristina ihn auf dem Berg Vijarac suchen will. By the end of the war, the Chetnik movement transformed into a collaborationist Serb nationalist militia completely dependent on Axis supplies. Vielen Dank Ihnen, den Anwesenden, viel Kraft in den nächsten Tagen! [5] From 1992 to 2000, some countries, including the United States, had referred to the FRY as Serbia and Montenegro[30] as they viewed its claim to Yugoslavia's successorship as illegitimate. The American aid was not part of the Marshall plan.[22]. Dass ich hier heute vor Ihnen stehen darf, habe ich einer Wirklichkeit zu verdanken, die sich dieser Mensch nicht angeeignet hat, und die in seine Texte der 90er Jahre hineinreicht. Die erste Ausgabe von Herkunft erschien am 18. Für die Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung schrieb Sandra Kegel am 16.